Faro is the capital of the Algarve and the centre of the tourist trade. It is the southern most point of Portugal and it worth a visit in its own right, rather than to just use the airport.

It takes its name from the lighthouse originally build by the Moors over 1000 years ago. The modern feel to the city is due to the old town being burnt to the ground in 1596 by the Earl of Essex.

He also stole the Bishop's books to form the core of the collection at the Bodleian library in Oxford. This devastation was compounded by two earthquakes at the start of the eighteenth centaury.